When we consider of mushrooms and the southern Mexico point out of Oaxaca, the first issue which typically comes to thoughts is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But slowly which is all modifying as a outcome of the groundbreaking work of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, by means of their firm, Mico-lógica.
Primarily based in the village of Benito Juárez, positioned in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (more commonly recognized as the Sierra Norte, the state’s primary ecotourism area), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to teach both Mexicans and website visitors to the country in the minimal-price cultivation of a assortment of mushroom species to teach about the medicinal, nutritional and environmental (sustainable) worth of mushrooms and to perform ongoing research concerning optimum climatic regions and the range of substrata for mushroom tradition.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in fact to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Sure, coming all the way to Mexico from France to pursue my interest in mushrooms seems like a long way to vacation,” Mathieu described in a modern job interview in Oaxaca. “But there actually wasn’t considerably of an opportunity to perform scientific studies and increase a company in Western Europe,” he continues, “because reverence for mushrooms experienced been all but totally eradicated by The Church over the system of hundreds of years and I realized that Mexico even now maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and dietary worth of hongos. Mexico is considerably from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is much more than a five hour travel from the closest metropolitan centre. Appropriately, Mathieu ultimately understood that keeping in Huautla, while keeping an historic allure and being in a geographic region conducive to operating with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to grow a company and cultivate prevalent curiosity in studying about fungi. Mathieu grew to become cognizant of the burgeoning status of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and without a doubt the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held every year in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom occasion. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico City in 2002. The two shared related passions Jiménez experienced researched agronomy, and for shut to a decade experienced been working with sustainable agriculture assignments in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina region of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez turned business, and then daily life companions in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on a few mushroom species in their arms-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their 1-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also training a honest little bit about the medicinal uses of mushrooms, so much more time is essential,” claims Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it truly is predominantly [but not completely] a training course on cultivation.”
Although education seminars are now only given in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez program to grow functions to incorporate both the central valleys and coastal regions of Oaxaca. The object is to have a community of producers increasing different mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation dependent on the particular microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and therefore as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to various climatic areas is exceptional. “The oyster can be grown in a multitude of different substrata, and that’s what we’re experimenting with appropriate now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can prosper when grown on merchandise which would otherwise be squander, these kinds of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (like the fibrous squander developed in mezcal distillation), peas, the widespread river reed known as carriso, sawdust, and the checklist goes on. Agricultural waste which could otherwise be still left to rot or be burned, every with adverse environmental implications, can sort substrata for mushroom cultivation. It ought to be mentioned, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a very sustainable, eco-friendly industry. More than the previous a number of a long time Mexico has in simple fact been at the fore in several locations of sustainable market.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even increased environmental great:
“They can keep up to thirty thousand times their mass, possessing implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been used to clean up oil spills by way of absorption and as a result are an important motor vehicle for habitat restoration. Research has been accomplished with mushrooms in the battle towards carpenter ant destruction it really is been advised that the use of fungi has the possible to fully revamp the pesticide market in an environmentally friendly way. There are virtually hundreds of other eco-friendly programs for mushroom use, and in each and every circumstance the mushroom continues to be an edible by-product. Take a appear at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Methods Mushrooms Can Save The World.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can usually be discovered promoting their merchandise on weekends in the organic and natural marketplaces in Oaxaca. They are equally more than happy to talk about the dietary benefit of their products which range from naturally their new mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with possibly chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can not be discovered in fruits or veggies, and accordingly a diet regime which includes fungi is very important for vegetarians who cannot get B12, most usually contained in meats. Mushrooms can simply be a substitute for meats, with the gain that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones typically located in industrially processed meat merchandise.
mushroom growing kit -lógica also sell teas and extracts produced from various mushroom species, each formulated as either a nutritional dietary supplement, or for their medicinal properties. Although neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological history to prescribe mycological remedy for critical illnesses, Mathieu’s very own analysis points to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-heritage, to the present. He notes qualities of mushrooms which can aid to restore the immune technique, and thus the use of fungi as a complement in the treatment method of cancer and AIDS, and their utility in controlling diabetic issues and treating high cholesterol.
“We must all be embracing the organic creation of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It is so straightforward, it entails a small cash investment decision, and it offers significant rewards, equally for people ingesting hongos for nutritional and medicinal causes, and for the producers, even small scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. However most of the dried mushrooms offered in Mexico are imported from China, and are not natural. It truly is a real disgrace on several levels.”